The actor Sidharth Shukla dies of a heart attack at the age of 40. The number of heart diseases among adolescents has risen rapidly in recent years. Looking fit or going to the gym doesn’t mean you are healthy. There are several factors such as lifestyle disorders, lack of or increased physical activity, stressful life that lead to heart attacks. However, an unhealthy lifestyle like excessive stress, lack of sleep, alcohol consumption, smoking, excessive supplements, and excessive exercise can do more harm.
Brajesh Kunwar, Head-Interventional Cardiology, Hiranandani Hospital, Mumbai, says, “I believe that the number one cause of heart attack among the younger population, along with the fitness freaks, is stress (either at work or in a personal relationship). The only way to avoid these health complications at a young age is to change your lifestyle. “
The reasons for a heart attack in young Indians are still unknown, although some of the teenagers appear to be fit. Experts suggest that overtraining and taking supplements, even if you lead a healthy lifestyle, can be just as harmful as a sedentary lifestyle.
Haresh G. Mehta, Interventional Cardiologist, SL Raheja Hospital, Mumbai, says: “It is not surprising that the number of heart attack cases among the young population is increasing. Most of these stem from various lifestyle mannerisms. Nowadays, jobs require long hours in front of the computer, which for many leads to a sedentary lifestyle with no movement whatsoever. There are also adolescents with a family history of heart disease or those with undetected heart abnormalities. All of these factors need to be taken into account when talking about the increase in heart attack cases among young Indians. ”
Experts believe the first thing to consider is that just looking fit doesn’t help. You need a more holistic, healthy approach to life. Follow a proper diet of fresh meals, exercise (cardio), practice yoga and meditation to reduce stress, say no to alcohol and cigarettes, do not consume over-the-counter supplements. Says Mehta, “Seek advice from a medical expert on diet, supplements, and exercise that are most suitable for you. and go to regular checks. Finally, it will be beneficial if the general public is educated about CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). ”
It’s no secret why heart attacks are on the rise in young people. Many people work long hours, have irregular sleep habits, eat a lot of ready-made and junk food, do not have lunch, dinner or breakfast at the right time, and lead a very sedentary lifestyle. The youth of India have adopted bad lifestyle habits to deal with the stress they are exposed to due to their high pressure jobs and while the ambition is good there is an urgent need for balance.
Upendra Bhalerao, Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeon, Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai, says, “Many teenagers are prone to comorbidities like diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, but they tend to ignore them. You fail to keep track of these comorbidities and get into trouble. Many teenagers also ignore warning signs like chest pain, irregular heartbeat, palpitations, and constant sweating, which they dismiss as an acid problem. This can lead to them falling victim to a heart attack or cardiac arrest. Therefore, it is advisable for each individual to have regular full-body check-ups. This is because the problem may exist and you may not be aware of it. Prevention is better than cure. “
TS Kler, Chairman of the Fortis Heart and Vascular Institute, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram says, “One thing that no longer happens is annual checkups. People no longer go to biannual or annual checkups and therefore have no idea what is going on in their bodies. Sometimes you won’t get warning signs. But one thing to be aware of is if you become breathless and have chest, arm, or jaw discomfort while exercising or doing physical exertion. Another thing is regular check-ups if you have a family history of heart disease and you are over 25 years old. “
TS Kler gives an example: “If someone has a brother who died of a heart attack at the age of 35, it is imperative that he grows differently after 25 and we need to make sure we are aware of this are what happens inside us. I will quote from my experience that coronary artery disease (which causes heart attacks) is eight to nine percent in urban India and five to six percent in rural India and those who have a heart attack and are younger than 60 years are two to three percent.
It’s time we quit smoking, says TS Kler. It’s not the stress buster you think it is. It can be very damaging to your body. And move more. Stop sitting in the chair or lying in bed all day. And eat properly cooked foods that are high in vegetables, fiber, and fruits. And balance your life – take time for a workout and at the same time pursue your professional and developmental goals. He explains, “Young people often tend to ignore or not report ailments, or mistake them for gas, which means that when the heart attack occurs, it is massive and instantly fatal. If action could be taken during the time the warning signs are displayed, deaths would be reduced. And young people don’t expect their arteries to get clogged because of their youth. So you don’t go to annual checks. If we push our body further, our body will eventually start to fray. “
Doctors warn against mistaking heart ailments for gas problems. Usually this happens and a person does not take the pain seriously and it continues to get worse and then it leads to a massive heart attack. Don’t assume it’s a gas problem. Many people who regularly go to the gym and follow a diet experience a heart attack. This is because there is no balance.
Let’s take the case of training first. We see cases of exercise-induced cardiomyopathy – a condition in which there is a heart muscle dysfunction that leads to heart failure. The official guideline is that a person should exercise for 45 minutes a day five times a week. But since everyone is trying to build muscle, they exercise longer and in ways that are not healthy or sustainable. It also affects their ligaments. Olympians and athletes have a separate training plan that takes many factors into account. This should not be emulated. Your diet is also designed taking into account many parameters, which brings us to the second part of the discussion – diet.
Adds TS Kler, “To build muscle faster and in less time, many people these days take processed proteins or supplements that are filled with steroids that can cause the muscles to break and the heart to weaken (as opposed to the what is promised). ). An unbalanced diet can lead to heart attacks. Too much normal protein puts stress on the kidneys and leads to high blood pressure, which can lead to a heart attack. Too much carbohydrates and fat lead to increased glucose metabolism, which can clog the arteries and lead to heart attacks. Therefore it is really important to have a balanced meal and not to overdo the exercises, but to train according to normal standards. “
THINGS TO DO:
• Avoid over-the-counter dietary supplements without consulting a medical expert
• Reduce smoking and alcohol consumption
• Avoid addiction of any kind
• Talk to your doctor for proper guidance on diet, supplements, and exercise
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