Nine out of ten American adults are unhealthy metabolism, mainly because of the food they eat. Experts say it might be time the government did regulate what Americans put in their mouths.
Dariush Mozaffarian is a heart doctor at Tufts University in Massachusetts. He said the food industry is the only area of the economy “where the majority of products are knowingly dangerous and we leave it to the public” to choose what to have.
If there’s a product that hurts people, “we’ll get rid of it,” said Mozaffarian.
To check a person’s metabolic health, doctors measure things like blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure. People with poor metabolic health are at increased risk of developing diabetes, heart disease, and other serious health problems.
“If nine out of ten adults are metabolically unhealthy, mainly due to diet-related illness, you know we have a broken system,” said Mozaffarian.
A big part of the problem is that Americans eat a lot of junk food. Junk foods are processed foods like candy or potato chips that deliver little nutritionally Worth and are high in fat, salt and sugar. A study by the National Institutes of Health found that junk food makes up 1 in 7 Calories in adults and 1 in 5 calories in children.
Junk food is hard to resist because it contains things the body wants and needs.
Sweet, salty and fatty foods “are things that are very important to life, they provide energy,” says Linda Bartoshuk. She is a professor of food science at the University of Florida.
The problem, she said, is that the body has a hard time knowing when to stop wanting her.
“We ingest too much salt, too much sugar, too much fat, and that creates all kinds of diseases,” said Bartoshuk.
Mozaffarian is among the health experts calling for more guidelines to help Americans eat healthier foods.
He wants the federal government to improve nutrition in existing nutrition programs like the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Meals on Wheels. SNAP provides financial aid to poor families to buy groceries, and Meals on Wheels supplies meals to elderly Americans.
Mozaffarian also believes that food nutrition should be included in the health system. Although Americans’ health is deteriorating, the United States spent $ 3.8 trillion on health care in 2019.
For example, doctors could write Recipes for healthy foods that are partially or fully paid for, Mozaffarian said. He also believes there could be more nutritional education for health workers and medical school students.
And while Mozaffarian believes nutritional education would be effective, most importantly, changing Americans’ diets is important, he said.
“We need to properly fix the food so that parents and children who are busy and want to enjoy their lives can get nourished. payable Eat, ”he said.
I am Dan Novak.
Dora Mekouar reported this story for Voice of America. Dan Novak adapted it for VOA Learning English. Susan Shand was the editor.
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Words in this story
metabolism – n. the chemical processes by which a plant or animal uses food, water, etc. to grow, heal and generate energy
regulate – n. Establish rules or laws that control (something)
cholesterol – n. a substance that occurs in the body of humans and animals
nourishment – n. the process of eating the right kind of food so that you can properly grow and be healthy
calorie – n. a unit of heat used to indicate the amount of energy that food produces in the human body
Afford – v. can pay for (something)
prescription – n. a written message from a doctor officially telling someone that he or she is on a drug, therapy, etc.